Архив метки: Знаменитости

Топики, темы и сочинения по английскому языку обо всём , что связано с известными людьми, знаменитостями.

An artist Perov

Vasily Grigoryevich Perov


An artist Vasily Perov, who continued in the traditions of Pavel Fedotov, devoted his work to portraying the life of Russia’s democratic strata of society.

An artist  Perov was one of the founders of the famous Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions (“Peredvizhniki”), a union of the most progressive Russian artists, whose aim was to serve the people through their art. His canvases, which were at time mordant satirical exposures as“ Sermon in the Village” (1861), “A Religious Procession in a Village at Easter” (1861), or ones that revealed profound grief, as “Seeing off the Dead Man” (1865) proved of great value in revolutionizing public opinion.

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An artist — Vereshchagin

Vasily Vasilievich Vereshchagin


Vasily Vereshchagin is an original personality in Russian art. His life was crowded with memorable events and heroic episodes.

The artist travelled a great deal in the Caucasus, the Crimea, Central Asia and visited many Russian and European cities, journeyed to India twice, was in America, Japan, Syria, Palestine, the Philippines and Cuba. Читать далее An artist — Vereshchagin

William Shakespeare (biography)


William’s father, John Shakespeare, moved to Strat­ford-on-Avon about 1550 and became a tradesman. His wife, the writer’s mother, Mary Arden, was the daughter of a rich farmer.

John Shakespeare and his wife lived in a two-storey house in Hanley Street. Simple and ordinary ­looking, this house is still one of the most famous places in the world. For here, in a small room on the second floor, William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564.

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Tropinin — a famous artist

Vasily Andreyevich Tropinin (1776-1857)

Visitors to the Tretyakov Art Gallery often stop to admire Vasily Tropinin’s remarkable picture “The Lace-maker”. Holding up her bobbins, a lovely young girl looks out of the frame with all the charm of youth and beauty, showing the graceful movements of her busy hands. This was the first Russian picture to depict the city working girl.

But the most popular picture ever created by Tropinin is probably his portrait of Alexander Pushkin for which the poet sat in 1827. The remarkable likeness was stressed by contemporaries. The portrait reflects the powerful mind and inspiration of the poet.

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Robert Burns


R.Burns was the greatest poet of the 18th century. He is famous all over Scotland. One has only to speak to Scotchmen to feel the deep love and admiration for their outstanding countryman.Robert Burns

R.Burns was born in the picturesque village of Alloway. His father was a poor farmer, but it was from his father that Robert received his learning and his love for books. His mother had a beautiful voice and taught him old Scottish songs and ballads, which he later turned into his best poems. At the age of 13 Robert began to work on the farm together with his father. Robert was a handsome young man, but he often suffered from illnesses because of the hard work and bad food.

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An Artist Fedotov


Pavel Andreyevich Fedotov, an eminent artist, was a pioneer of critical realism in Russian art.

An Artist FedotovFedotov began to draw and paint while he was an officer in a guards’ regiment, from which he retired in 1843 in order to devote himself to art.

He is at his best in genre painting. His great sympathy for “small people”, his bitter irony, the indig­nation he showed at times in the presentation of the privileged strata of Russian society are combined in his work with keen observation, depth of psychological characterization and exactitude in the detail of sur­roundings.

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Oscar Wilde


oscar wildeOscar Wilde was born in Dublin, Ireland. His father was a famous Irish surgeon. His mother wrote poetry.

While at Oxford Wilde began writing. He put forth his creed — love of art for art’s sake. He wrote novels, poems, plays and fairy tales.

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Some Facts from the History of America

I would like to tell you about some facts from the history of America, about discovery of America. It remained unknown to Europe till the end of the 15th century.

Christopher Columbus, an experienced sailor, asked the king of Spain to give him a fleet of ships so that he could look for a new route to India. Читать далее Some Facts from the History of America


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was one of the most amazing musicians who ever lived. At the age of only 5 years he was playing concerts all by himself on the harpsichord — an instrument that is something like the piano.Mozart Wolfgang’s father, Leopold Mozart, was also a musi­cian and composer. He took his talented young son to many cities in Europe and arranged for him to play for kings and nobles. For part of the year, father and son travelled. The rest of the year, they were at home in Austria with Wolfgang’s mother and sister. Читать далее Mozart

Mikhail Lomonosov

Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov was born in 1711 in the family of a fisherman in the northern coastal village of Denisovka not far from Arkhangelsk. When he was ten years of age his father began to take him sea fishing. That dangerous life taught the precocious youngster to observe the phe­nomena of nature more closely. During the long winter nights the boy studied his letters, grammar and arithmetic diligently.

Since he was the son of a peasant, he was refused admission to the town school, so he walked to Moscow. By concealing his peasant origin he gained admission to the Slavonic-Greek-Latin Academy and for five years lived from hand to mouth on 3 kopecks a day. The noblemen’s sons studying with him made fun of the twenty-year-old giant, who despite their jeers and his own desperate poverty, made rapid progress.

After 5 years came the chance of entering the Acade­my of Sciences as there weren’t enough noble-born students to fill the quota. His ability and diligence attracted the attention of the professors, and as one of the best students he was sent abroad. He spent all the time there in delving into the work of leading European scientists studying chemistry, metallurgy, mining and mathemat­ics. On his return to Russia in 1745 he was made a professor and the first Russian scientist to become a member of the Academy of Sciences.

For versatility Lomonosov has no equal in Russian and world science. Many of his ideas and discoveries won recognition only in the XIXth century. He was the first to discover the vegetable origin of coal, for instance, and as a poet and scientist he played an eminent role in the formation of the Russian literary language, eliminating distortions and unnecessary foreign borrowings. He had a great thirst for knowledge. The great son of the Russian people Mikhail Lomonosov died in 1765. His living memorial is the Moscow University which he founded in 1755. How he would have appreciated the gigantic building which stands on the hills where Napoleon stood in 1812 to watch Moscow bum.


phenomenon (pl. phenomena ) — явление, феномен

diligently  — прилежно, старательно

peasant — крестьянин

to gain admission — добиться принятия

to live from hand to mouth — с трудом перебиваться; кое-как сводить концы с концами

the noblemen’s sons — дети знати

giant — великан

jeers — насмешки

desperate poverty — отчаянная бедность

to delve — рыться (в книгах и т.п.)

scientist — учёный

chemistry — химия

metallurgy — металлургия

mining  — горное дело

mathematics — математика

the Academy of Sciences — Академия наук

versatility — многосторонность

eminent — выдающийся

eliminating distortions and unnecessary foreign borrowings — исключив искажения и ненужные иностранные заимствования

thirst — жажда

to found — закладывать (фундамент), основывать; создавать

to appreciate — ценить

Napoleon — Наполеон

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