Some Facts from the History of America

I would like to tell you about some facts from the history of America, about discovery of America. It remained unknown to Europe till the end of the 15th century.

Christopher Columbus, an experienced sailor, asked the king of Spain to give him a fleet of ships so that he could look for a new route to India.

In 1492 he sailed with three small ships into the Atlantic Ocean. They had been sailing for more than 2 months. At last they saw land. Columbus was certain that the lands he had discovered were part of India, and he called these islands the West Indies.

Later the people understood that Columbus had discovered a new part of the world. It was called America after Amerigo Vespucci — a traveler who left a description of some places he had seen there.

Some of the Indian peoples had a highly developed culture before the arrival of the Europeans. The Spanish conquerors robbed and killed them.

The countries of America were European colonies for many years.

Russians were the first Europeans to settle in the north-west of America.

In the second half of the 19th century all the American possessions of Russia were sold by the tsar to the US.

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