Архив рубрики: ENGLISH TOPICS / Английские топики

Vacations and How to Spend Them

vacationI believe that vacations should be a change. Most people like a change. Most people like a change of place; if they live in the country they like to go to a big town and spend their time looking at shop windows and visiting movie theatres, museums and art galleries; if they live in a city, they like a quiet vacation in the hills or by the sea, doing nothing but walking, swimming and lying in the sun.

When on vacation most people don’t like to do things they have to do all the year round.

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The United Kingdom

The Geography of the British Isles

the united kingdomTo the west of the continent of Europe lie two large islands called the British Isles. The larger of these is known as Great Britain, the smaller, Ireland. The North Sea and the English Channel separate the British Isles from the European continent.

The larger island of Great Britain consists of three parts: England, Scotland and Wales which were once separate kingdoms. After centuries of war at the beginning of the 18th century England, Wales and Scotland were united. In 1800 Ireland was included in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, as it was called.

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The Brontës

The Brontës

The story of the famous and talented Вrontë family is strange and unusual.

The BrontësThe Вrontë children — five girls and a boy — lived with their father and aunt in Yorkshire.

All the children were in poor health. Two of the girls died while they were still at school. Bramwell, the boy, was good at writing poetry. But he died at the age of 31. Anne, who wrote poetry and two novels, died at 29.

Emily who became world famous as the author of “Wuthering Heights” died a year after the book was published in 1847.

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Some Facts from the History of Washington, D.C.

The capital of the United States is Washington, D.C. washington-dcThe city was named after the first American President George Washington.

The city is filled with important buildings. The largest library in the world is in Washington, D.C. It is called the Library of Congress. It has one copy of every single book copyrighted in the United States.

The Congress meets in the Capitol Building. Govern­ment lawyers work in the Justice Department.

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So Many People, So Many Hobbies

Do you know what a hobby is? A hobby is what you like to do in your spare time. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste, you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting and exciting. Hobby

Hobbies differ like tastes. The most popular hobbies are philately, collecting post-cards, coins and books.

Some people are interested in music. They collect records and tape recordings. And others are keen on photography.

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Secondary School in the USA

In the United States, secondary school is called high school; students begin high school in ninth grade, when they have completed eight years of school. Secondary School in USA

An average day for a high school student begins with a brief “homeroom” period, when the roll is taken and announcements are made. The rest of the day is divided into eight or nine “periods” of equal length, usually 45-50 minutes.

At the beginning of each period, when the bell rings, students go into a classroom to begin class. Every period they have a different class, with a different teacher, in a different room. Some of their fellow students move with them from class to class, but many have very different class schedules.

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Robert Burns

(1759-1796)

R.Burns was the greatest poet of the 18th century. He is famous all over Scotland. One has only to speak to Scotchmen to feel the deep love and admiration for their outstanding countryman.Robert Burns

R.Burns was born in the picturesque village of Alloway. His father was a poor farmer, but it was from his father that Robert received his learning and his love for books. His mother had a beautiful voice and taught him old Scottish songs and ballads, which he later turned into his best poems. At the age of 13 Robert began to work on the farm together with his father. Robert was a handsome young man, but he often suffered from illnesses because of the hard work and bad food.

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An Artist Fedotov

(1815-1852)

Pavel Andreyevich Fedotov, an eminent artist, was a pioneer of critical realism in Russian art.

An Artist FedotovFedotov began to draw and paint while he was an officer in a guards’ regiment, from which he retired in 1843 in order to devote himself to art.

He is at his best in genre painting. His great sympathy for “small people”, his bitter irony, the indig­nation he showed at times in the presentation of the privileged strata of Russian society are combined in his work with keen observation, depth of psychological characterization and exactitude in the detail of sur­roundings.

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Nuclear Winter Awaits

Our environment is vitally connected with the prob­lem of peace on our planet.

Nuclear Winter AwaitsThe scientists consider that nuclear war could destroy mankind completely, for a large scale nuclear exchange could mean the extinction of the human race. The climatic, biological and environ­mental effects of a nuclear war might be horrible.

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New York City

New York is the largest city in the United States and one of the largest in the world. It is in the southeastern corner of New York State, where the Hudson River empties into the Atlantic Ocean.New York City

Five boroughs (towns) joined together make up the city of New York. The borough of Manhattan takes up Manhattan Island. The boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens lie across the East River from Manhattan, on Long Island. The Bronx, another borough, is on the mainland, north of Manhattan and Queens. The fifth borough, Staten Island, is in New York Bay.

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