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The Geographical Position of the USA

USA statesThe USA is composed of 50 states joined in a federal republic.

In the north the US is bordered by Canada and in the south it borders on Mexico.

It is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the east and by the Pacific Ocean in the west.

The main part of the US consists of several highlands and lowlands regions. Читать далее The Geographical Position of the USA

The Political System of the USA

The Political System of the USA.

The USA is a federal republic. us-federalism-1The President is elected for four years, and is head of state and of the government. He names the Cabinet.

Congress (the legislature) consists of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Elections to the House of Representatives are every two years, when the whole House of Representatives is replaced. Читать далее The Political System of the USA

Moscow is the capital of Russia

Moscow is the capital of Russia. It is a big ancient city. It is one of the biggest and most beautiful cities in the world.Moscow The Capital Of RussiaAcross Moscow flows the Moskva-river. The heart of the city is the Kremlin. It was a magnifi­cent fortress made of red brick with high walls and lots of churches on its territory. Читать далее Moscow is the capital of Russia

Victory Day is Sacred Holiday in Our Country

More than 50 years have passed since the end of the war, but Victory Day is the Most Sacred Holiday in Our Country.

Victory Day is Sacred Holiday in Our CountryThe Great Patriotic War was the most difficult trial for the Soviet people and their armed forces. The Soviets rose up in arms to defend their motherland and the entire country became a single military camp. The Soviet soldiers defended every inch of the Soviet soil displaying unprece­dented courage and heroism. Читать далее Victory Day is Sacred Holiday in Our Country

London Is the Capital of Great Britain!

London is one of the largest cities in the world. It has a population over 8 million.Big Ben London EnglandThe city is situated on both sides of the river Thames. Bridges connect the two parts of the city.

London is a great industrial and cultural centre. Lots of factories and plants are situated in the suburbs of the city. They produce different needful things like cloth­ing, chemicals, electronics, cars, toys. Читать далее London Is the Capital of Great Britain!

How America Was Discovered

How America Was Discovered

Christopher Columbus was an Italian, the son of a poor weaver. He was born in 1451 in Genoa, an Italian seaport.

From his early childhood he was interested in the big ships and would sit out-of-doors watching them for hours. Читать далее How America Was Discovered

Geography of the United States of America

The United States of America” is the name of the country composed of 50 states joined in a federal republic, and its citizens are known as “Americans”.Geography of the United States of AmericaIn the North the US is bordered by Canada, and in the South it borders on Mexico. It is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the East, and by the Pacific Ocean in the West.

Hawaii, which became the 50th state in 1959, is situated in the Pacific Ocean halfway between the west- coast states and the Far East.

Alaska is separated from Russia by only about 50 miles across the Bering Strait.

The main part of the United States consists of several physical divisions, including highlands and lowlands re­gions. Major highlands are the Appalachian Mountain in the East and the Rocky Mountains in the west.

The Rocky Mountains extend from Mexico to Canada. The mountains are crossed by streams which flow through deep canyons and fall into the Pacific Ocean. The largest among them are the Colorado and the Columbia rivers.

These rivers are unsuitable for navigation. They are cut by rapids, and so serve as an immense source of electric power.

The central lowland between the two main mountain ranges makes up the basin of the Mississippi River. Its main tributaries are the Missouri and the Ohio Rivers. The Mississippi together with the Missouri form the longest river in the world (7,300 km).

The northern part of the USA embraces the region of the five Great Lakes (Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario), which are connected by natural channels cut by rapids. The greatest of these rapids is the Niagara Falls.

Crossed by mountain ranges from north to south, the country is unprotected from cold winds from the north and from warm winds from the south. This causes great temperature fluctuations. On the whole, the USA has a continental climate.

The country is rich in coal, oil, iron and other minerals which form a solid base for the development of American industry. The United States economy is highly developed. In fact, the United States is one of the leading countries in the world economy. Such industries as min­ing, metallurgy, electronics and space engineering, chemicals, textiles, leather and footwear are well de­veloped.

Military industry plays an important role in the US economy.

As regards agriculture, both animal husbandry and arable farming are prominent in the economy of the United States.

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